What are my activities during a normal day? Substitute your topic for the word "something.". Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. That is a question for the alternative uses test of divergent thinking. What do I know about? Divergent questions encourage you to stretch your thinking beyond what you know to be true. People often have Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var ious ideas back together in some organized, structured way. This creates a visual image or "map" of the topic which the writer can use to develop the topic further. To encourage divergent thinking, I avoid questions that have only one acceptable answer. In divergent thinking, a single question returns multiple answers, and though the answers vary considerably depending on the person, all answers are of equal value. Divergent th The goal of divergent thinking is to generate many different ideas about a topic in a short period of time. inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. What bothers me? We rarely have enough information to make the one right choice. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Byrdseed.TV's registration window is now open. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. We have to make reasonable guesses, fill in gaps, and make predictions — despite uncertainty. (Watch Sir Ken Robinson’s speech on Changing Education Paradigms .) Defining Divergent Thinking The word divergent is partly defined as “tending to be different or develop in different directions.” Divergent thinking refers to the way the mind generates ideas beyond proscribed expectations and rote thinking—what is usually referred to thinking outside the box, and is often associated with creativity. Women might come up with a … Divergent questions, on the other hand, stimulate student creative or critical thinking, encouraging students to be better observers. The question, “in what ways can a brick be used” allows divergent thinking. According to Webb, information falls within four distinct depths of knowledg… Examples of divergent questions might involve imagining hypothetical situations and the choices of possible actions during individual circumstances. By carrying a journal, one can create a collection of thoughts on various subjects that later become a source book of ideas. The goal of brainstorming is to generate as many ideas as possible in a short period of time. Divergent thinkers might come up with ideas that involve hundreds of paper clips, since the question never mentions how many you can use. See more ideas about divergent thinking, divergent, this or that questions. It’s perfect for going beyond mere memorization to true thinking. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Everything written here is licensed as CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted. Here’s Gallagher and Ascher’s explanation: [In divergent thinking,] the individual is free to generate independently [their] own data within a data-poor situation or to take a new direction or perspective on a given topic. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … Therefore convergent questions are designed to try and help you find the solution to a problem, or a single response to a question. Divergent thinking, or lateral thinking, is about generating multiple creative solutions to the same problem. What does this mean? The “divergent” level is our focus. Please contact me with questions or comments at: ian@byrdseed.com. Perhaps they did not exist ever before and so are novel, surprising or unusual. A divergent question is asked without an attempt to reach a direct or specific conclusion. Tricks to Remember Them These are the sorts of questions innovators and scientists use when they are looking for new ideas or alternative solutions to problems. Suppose Z were in charge, how would that change things? Let’s take a look at James Gallagher and Mary Jane Ascher’s four types of questions: (Head here for a deeper look at all four of Gallagher and Ascher’s questions). Divergent questions combine rigor and creativity. What am I studying in school? There’s no one correct answer (although there are definitely incorrect answers). I'll send you one or two emails a month to help you better understand and differentiate for gifted students. Doesn’t a chimera remind you of seeing the various possibilities? When free-writing, a person will focus on one particular topic and write non-stop about it for a short period of time. Divergent thinking in children is an exceptional gift.Their open mind is full of possibilities and unusual, original, and constant idiosyncratic reasoning. What if X happened instead, what would that lead to? The terms convergent and divergent thinking are derived from the original five kinds of operations (orintellectual processes) within the operations dimension of intelligence developed by Guilford: Convergent production (now called convergent thinking) means taking pieces of information to arrive at a single solution. The student is either bored or frustrated. When I asked my students, “How would The Little Prince have judged Brian from Hatchet‘s actions?” there were lots of ways to be right, but also clearly wrong answers. To begin brainstorming potential topics, it is often helpful to engage in self analysis and topic analysis. To begin brainstorming potential topics, it is often helpful to engage in self analysis and topic analysis. Divergent thinking is generating unique solutions and seeing various possibilities in response to questions and problems. What suggestions or recommendations would you make about. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Divergent – These questions allow students to explore different avenues and create many different … What are my strongest beliefs, values and philosophies? Zig where others zag. The Question and Answer sections of our study guides are a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss literature. Many responses can be given. So when we ask a divergent question, we need enough uncertainty to force students to fill those gaps in as best they can. The second question (List as many words as you can that rhyme with 'lead') is an example of divergent thinking. By keeping a journal, one can capture these ideas and use them later when developing and organizing materials in the prewriting stage. →, Convergent: questions with one right answer, everyone gets to the same place, Divergent: questions without a clear right answer, everyone goes in different directions, Evaluative: questions that ask students to make a judgment. Byrdseed.TV is packed with pre-made resources to save you time (and delight your students). Mind or subject mapping involves putting brainstormed ideas in the form of a visual map or picture that that shows the relationships among these ideas. Divergent thinking is a form of creative … Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task (examples were given earlier—“How can a brick be used?”). What are my hobbies? Here’s a sample from Gallagher and Ascher: What if Spain had not been defeated when the Armada was destroyed in 1588, and Spain went on to conquer England. What are my areas of expertise? What would I like to change in my world or life? Contrast this question with the more common “Why was the Spanish Armada defeated?” — a mere memory question (even though it might take a whole essay to answer fully). If this took place today, what would it be like? the main topic which represent different parts or aspects of the main topic. After a long list of ideas is generated, one can go back and review the ideas to criti What are my interests? Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. Divergent Questions. The idea is to write down whatever comes to mind about the topic, without stopping to proofread or revise the 3. Most questions with only one answer are too easy or too hard. Divergent questions are often based around hypotheticals: I’ve written before about my favorite shortcut to divergence: what would X think about Y? In divergent thinking, a single question returns multiple answers, and though the answers vary considerably depending on the person, all answers are of equal value. What would happen if we switched A and B? Ready for your Quiz? Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. Let’s break this down. This reflects adult life pretty well! It isthe initial stage of creative problem solving where learners ... or “Andrew’s question”). Life is data-poor! For example, a topic may have four different branches (sub-topics), and During the brainstorming process, ALL ideas are recorded, and no idea is disregarded or criticized. 2. This situation is “data-poor” since it didn’t actually happen! How do I spend my time? thinking. What would the world be like today? How do we create divergent questions? Divergent and Convergent Thinking. Can you believe that, through our time loving Tris and Four, wishing we could pass initiation, and generally living vicariously through Veronica Roth’s words, that we have never had a Divergent quiz designed to find what faction we belong in? There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. From this perspective divergent thinking is a kind of problem solving. – including a fabulous math example. Divergent thinking involves using creativity to solve problems and works best with open-ended questions. In fact, it is also a type of thinking very common in children, where joy, imagination, and a fresh perspective make their reasoning more free. Home Divergent Q & A Ask a question and get answers from your fellow students and educators. In the design world—where we’re constantly employing design thinking in our work—both approaches are necessary and lead to unique solutions for challenges that require exploration and creativity.. Divergent and convergent thinking are both methods of thinking … Nov 9, 2020 - Explore Ms. Gaudun's Education Resourc's board "Divergent Thinking" on Pinterest. Other questions ask about uses for a shoe or coat hanger. Try to employ some divergent questions and let me know how it goes with your students! As it turns out, science says there are a number of ways to help prime the brain for divergent thinking. 4. They do not prod divergent thinking. Journals are an effective way to record ideas that one thinks of spontaneously. It’s perfect for going beyond mere memorization to true thinking. 1. It can be highly productive to think differently, and it pays off in the long run. It is an open-ended question that allows the … Ask the following questions to help narrow and refine a broad topic into a specific, focused one. As I wrote in The Non-Obvious Guide to Being More Creative, No Matter Where You Work, “divergent thinking helps us generate many new ideas, imagine, be original, ask questions to … Divergent thinking is generating unique solutions and seeing various possibilities in response to questions and problems. … This tactic is called divergent thinking, and it gets students to come up with several answers to a question and decide which is the best, most useful one. Imagine that C was not true anymore, how would that affect this. Brainstorming is a technique which involves generating a list of ideas in a creative, unstructured manner. Think of how much more fun it is to read the responses to these divergent questions than memory questions! From Expressive Thought by Gifted Children in the Classroom by Gallagher and Ascher. The key tool in brainstorm It is employed to stimulate divergent thinking that considers a variety of outcomes to a certain proposal. writing. So, before you make a decision, remember to ask yourself if … Self Analysis. Lateral Thinking. It involves breaking a topic down into its various component parts in order to gain insight about the various aspects of the topic. Norman Webb developed a hierarchy of cognitive complexity when it comes to performing assessments. As you can see, the prompts -- in the form of guiding questions -- are open-ended and typically require thinking at … This naturally leads to different students making different choices and going in different directions (the definition of divergence). 5 Exercises to Help Boost Creativity, Divergent Thinking Where do our best ideas come from? Freewriting. Divergent thinking, on the other hand, starts with a prompt that encourages students to think critically, diverging towards distinct answers. However, sometimes that creative potential disappears when children grow up in an educational system that standardizes the mindset of all students, unifying their perspectives. Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. Brainstorming. Linear thinking, or convergent thinking, is about learning facts, follow instructions, and solving problems with one right answer. What do I like? Imagination neurons are diminished by "Drill and kill" questions. ing is "piggybacking," or using one idea to stimulate other ideas. Ask the following questions to help brainstorm a list of potential topics. They can absolutely answer it, but it’s going to take some nice, juicy thinking. Students cannot look it up in their book. Divergent thinking is the process of generating multiple ideas to maximize the range of possible solutions, applications, examples, etc. Keeping a Journal. One starts with a central idea or topic, then draws branches off Don't have time to create differentiated lessons? of the sub-topic) *Note* this includes both divergent and convergent These questions are also sometimes called OPEN questions. ious ideas back together in some organized, structured way. que their value or merit. Perhaps they did not exist ever before and so are novel, surprising or unusual. It is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach based on curiosity and nonconformity. insights at unusual times and places. The “divergent” level is our focus. I’ve been writing about the difference between thinking and mere remembering and wanted to provide some go to tactics for moving students towards thinking. Read on to take a look at divergent thinking, why it’s important, and how it differs from its opposite, convergent thinking. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. “Data-poor situations” are times when we just don’t know enough to be sure. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var Read more about encouraging intrinsic motivation. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. Also called: ‘Thinking … Defining Divergent Thinking Create solutions to problems. Mind or Subject Mapping. the difference between thinking and mere remembering, Head here for a deeper look at all four of Gallagher and Ascher’s questions, Expressive Thought by Gifted Children in the Classroom, How would The Little Prince have judged Brian from, Thinking or Remembering: Abstract and Concrete, Fluency: Asking For (Way) More Than One Answer, articles about Thinking or Remembering? These open-ended questions can guide students as they discover information for themselves, analyze data, make inferences, and identify relationships. each of those four branches may have two branches of its own (sub-topics It’s worth highlighting that, while there are many possible right answers, not all answers are correct. This can help generate a variety of thoughts about a topic in a short period of time, which can later be restructured or organized following some pattern of arrangement. Critical thinking, or a single response to a certain proposal ” are when. 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