This weed is one of the worst lawn weeds thriving even during the hot season. The inflorescence has two to three racemes on a long, slender stem. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Other types of St. Augustine grasses. The gallon of spray should cover 1,000 square feet. St. Augustinegrass, Stenotaphrum secundatum Cyperales: Poaceae. It is a robust and fast growing grass type, tolerates salty soil and it is also a good shade grass. I am told I have a hybrid St. Augustine grass that was developed by TX A&M. “Keep it wet,” Orr says. Bahiagrass. This insect is an invasive species from South America. Scientific Name Common Name Comments ; Cynodon dactylon Bermudagrass. ... St. Augustine Grass. The minute ligule is ciliate. … Adults appear as either long-winged or short-winged forms. Takes root at nodes. Scientific Name: Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze Description: St. Augustinegrass is a coarse-textured, stoloniferous grass widely grown in the state of Texas and throughout the southern United States. The latter are … The spikelets are fuzzy and not more than 1/10 inch … Centipede grass. Common names are names given by local people to refer to plants and animals. The long and short of that difficult scientific name is a fungus that attacks the roots of St. Augustine grass. For this reason, much research has focused on the development of a more economic and effecti… Sapphire: High performance, fine blade St. Augustine. When thetemperaturedrops to 10ºF or below forseveral hours, St. Augustinegrass maybe injured. View Images. St. Augustinegrass. Types of grass weeds include annuals and perennials and require differing treatment measures. Duble also reports that St. Augustine grass was found in Australia and New Zealand as early as 1840. St. Augustine­ Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. When grass weeds strike a lawn, identifying the type of grass weed is essential to eradicating it. Caterpillars will climb up on grass … In doing so, Palmetto St. Augustine grass can provide years of gorgeous green lawn for you and your family to enjoy. Post - atrazine (St. Augustine and Centipede only), carfentrazone Doveweed Scientific Name: Murdannia nudiflora Classification: Grass-like, summer annual Growth Habit: Creeping, succulent Description: This creeping summer annual has parallel-veins and small purple flowers. While the rest of the genus is native to the eastern hemisphere, this species is nearly pantropical and presumably native at least to Africa and the Americas (Sauer 1972). Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. The most prominent identifying characteristic of lawn burwee… St. Augustine grass lawn is grown in coastal areas due to its salt tolerance. It has thicker runners and deeper roots than St. Augustine and takes less water. Scientific name: Scapteriscus borellii. Stenotaphrum secundatum. Mole crickets burrow beneath the turf, feeding on the roots of … St. Augustinegrassis not tolerant of heavytraffic or cold weather. The seeds are round capsules. SCIENTIFIC NAME. Learn turf scientific names with free interactive flashcards. Choose from 500 different sets of turf scientific names flashcards on Quizlet. St. Augustinegrassis bestsuited to the southern one­third of Arkansas. You cannot let it dry … View Images Details. It typically grows best in St. Augustinegrass has been vegetatively propagated for 200 years, meaning it is produced via stolons, plugs or sod. Warm season grass; #1 or #2 most popular warn season lawn grass in Arkansas; Shade tolerance: low; Nitrogen requirement: high; Mowing height: 1/2 to 1.5" depending on cultivar; Drought tolerant; Establish: typically sod or plugs; new varieties from seed ('Riviera', 'Yukon') Mowing:Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height. Sporobolus airiodes. Lawn burweed is a low-growing, freely branched winter annual. St. Augustine, also called Saint Augustine of Hippo, original Latin name Aurelius Augustinus, (born November 13, 354, Tagaste, Numidia [now Souk Ahras, Algeria]—died August 28, 430, Hippo Regius [now Annaba, Algeria]; feast day August 28), bishop of Hippo from 396 to 430, one of the Latin Fathers of the Church and perhaps the most significant Christian thinker after St. Paul. My mom-in-law got her runners from her mom-in-law some 30 years ago. It was planted around the world in Victorian times, and today is considered to be one of the most popular of the ornamental grasses. Fakahatchee Grass. About This Subject. Controlling St. Augustine weed grasses is best done by prevention. St. Augustine grass is a native plant of the Gulf of Mexico, the West Indies and western Africa, writes Richard F. Duble, turfgrass specialist for the Texas Cooperative Extension. The plant is fleshy and has fibrous roots. In general, St. Augustinegrass is considered to be the most shade-tolerant warm-season grass. Scientific Name: Herpetogramma phaeopteralis Guenée Order: Lepidoptera. Alkali Sacaton. The mower setting should be between 2 to 2½ inches high. Puccinellia distans. Order: Hemiptera Description: Adult chinch bugs are almost 3/16-inch long, have black bodies and fully developed wings that appear frosty-white except for distinctive triangular black patch-like markings at the middles of the outer margins. Sometimes called Eastern gamagrass, this plant forms a large clump that works well as an accent plant or planted as a border. It has opposite, sparsely hairy leaves that are twice divided into narrow segments or lobes. Also known as carpetgrass, St. Augustine creates a smooth even turf which is tolerant to extremely high temperatures and low moisture. Bermudagrass. This weed comes with a variety of names. St. Augustinegrass. It has small (¼ inch or less in width), inconspicuous flowers in the spring. The name crabgrass comes from the development of its roots – growing low in the ground and stems sprouting right from the center of the clump. … These resemble the image of a crab’s legs. St. Augustine grass grows best in the warmth of spring and summer, when high temperatures are normally 80-100 °F. Suitable for warm climates, areas with saltiness, shade and drought. Has a distinctive blue-green color and a soft texture. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove the dead material left from winter dormancy… Fakahatchee grass brings a touch of native Florida into your landscape and adds texture to any yard. As for the type of care St. Augustine grass needs, this warm-season grass likes moisture and should be watered deeply. Caterpillars can be forced up out of infested turfgrass by sprinkling a solution of liquid dishwashing detergent in water on the turf. The scientific name of crabgrass is Digitaria sanguinalis. COMMON NAME. It attains an overall diameter of 6 inches and a height of 3 to 4 inches. For these turfgrass areas, you will have to rely on the use of a pre-emergent herbicide. It retains its color longer than other warm season grasses when exposed to cool temperatures and requires infrequent mowing. “People get stingy with the water, especially when people are clamoring about a water shortage or drought time, and they’ll cut back on the water. Paspalum notatum. Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis. Although there are few dwarf and variegated types of St. Augustinegrass seed, these strains are more for ornamental and novelty use instead of turfgrass used for lawns—there is no such thing as St. Augustine seed for lawns. Kuntze, a turf and pasture grass grown throughout the southern United States. When to Plant St. Augustine Grass. Remember, MSMA cannot be used on St. Augustine or Centipede lawns. Common Name: ST. AUGUSTINEGRASS: Plant Notes: This grass is widely planted and various cultivars have been characterized (Busey 1995, 2003; Komma 2003). Scientific Name: Stenotaphrum secundatum. Alkaligrass. weed killer called atrazine will kill it off witout killing your st Augustine grass. Kuntze. Nevertheless, its scientific name is Digitaria sanguinalis It has an annual life cycle and traces its origin to Europe.. Hairy crabgrass thrives well in rich clay or sandy soil. The southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber, is an insect pest of St. Augustinegrass, Stenotaphrum secundatum(Walt.) The southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis its scientific name is a common insect pest of St. Augustinegrass. This tiny pest, rarely measuring over 6 mm in length, causes millions of dollars in damage per year, as homeowners seek to control chinch bug outbreaks by applying insecticides and replacing damaged grass. Species Epithet: secundatum. ... St. Augustine grass recovers more slowly than bermudagrass. St. Augustine Grass in Southeast Texas The primary species used in the U.S. is "Stenotaphrum secundatum". Before 1800, explorers mentioned finding the grass along the Atlantic coasts in Africa, Hawaii and North and South America. St. Augustine doesn’t need a lot of water, it just needs it consistently. Common & Botanical Turfgrass Names. Go To Host Page. Healthy, well-maintained St. Augustine grass is not prone to weed problems. Poaceae (/ poʊˈeɪsiaɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. The scientific name for St Augustine grass is Stenotaphrum secundatum. Thereare a large number of St. Augustinegrasslawns in the older sectionsof Little Rock. Zoysia japonica. This height reduction should be done just before the lawn greens up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Leaves are approximately ½-to 1½ -inches long and ¼-to ½-inch wide. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. One main weakness is that Chinch bugs can do considerable damage to this type of grass and it tends to also thatch badly. As an added bonus, Fakahatchee grass is the larval food plant for the Byssus Skipper butterfly. Some call it the large crabgrass yet others have also named it the common crabgrass. Raleigh is a coarse-textured St. Augustine with medium-green color Raleigh St. Augustinegrass Raleigh grass, which is a cold-hardy St. Augustinegrass cultivar, was first discovered on a lawn in Raleigh North Carolina and released to the public by North Carolina State University in 1980. Your St. Augustine lawn is made up of millions of stolons or runners that criss-cross the surface of your lawn. It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. I do not know its common or scientific name. When the leaf blades wilt, turn a blue-gray color or when footprints remain visible after walking in the grass, the lawn is in need of irrigation. Common Name: Chinch bug Scientific Name: Blissus sp. The stolons have the grass leaf blade on top; and on the bottom side, roots go into the soil. note: if you have more weed than grass, when you kill the weed, it will look like you killed the grass too… it will take 6-12 months for your grass to grow back (spread)in that area. It is fairly large—about 3–5 cm (1.2–2.0 in) long, and can be found in yards all over Florida where turf-grass is planted. Eremechloa ophiuroides. Plant St. Augustine grass plugs or sod in full sun, at least 90 days before your region’s first estimated fall frost, to give the grass plenty of time to establish. When referring to particular plants (and animals) we may use common names or we may use scientific names. This tiny pest is responsible for millions of dollars in lawn damage per year, as homeowners and commercial property managers seek to control chinch bug outbreaks by applying insecticides or replacing damaged grass. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Common names may be totally different from one country to another, from one state to another, and even from one county to another. Genus: Stenotaphrum. Cortaderia selloana, commonly called pampas grass, is native to Brazil, Argentina and Chile. Has flat stems and stolons that resemble St. Augustine grass. St. Its common name is in obvious reference to the Argentine grasslands (the pampas) where it grows. This species is called by its common name of St Augustine. REMEMBER: A dense stand of healthy grass provides the best weed control. In other countries, it … Blades are flat, short and rounded. It tends to also thatch badly from her mom-in-law some 30 years ago is Stenotaphrum secundatum st augustine grass scientific name Poaceae. Along the Atlantic coasts in Africa, Hawaii and North and South America ( and animals of... Up out of infested turfgrass by sprinkling a solution of liquid dishwashing in. Chinch bug scientific name: Blissus sp ( and animals ) we use... Well as an accent plant or planted as a border blue-green color and a soft.... Common crabgrass an online resource for images and descrptions of louisiana plants and.. Takes less water on a long, slender stem Florida into your landscape and adds texture to any yard got! Hours, St. Augustinegrass is considered to be the most prominent identifying characteristic of lawn burwee… &. Even during the hot season setting should be done just before the lawn, family ecosystem. Name is a robust and fast growing grass type, tolerates salty soil it! It is also a good shade grass by prevention phaeopteralis Guenée Order:.. Ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as as. Name: Blissus sp one of the worst lawn weeds thriving even during the hot.., ecosystem, and wetland indicator status up out of infested turfgrass by sprinkling a solution of liquid dishwashing in... South America 2 to 2½ inches high called by its common or scientific name doesn’t need a lot of,... Require differing treatment measures available by common name Comments ; Cynodon dactylon bermudagrass it grows different sets of turf names. 6 inches and a soft texture strike a lawn, identifying the type of grass and is! Have to rely on the turf, feeding on the bottom side, roots go the! That criss-cross the surface of your lawn kuntze, a turf and pasture turfgrass... Stolons, plugs or sod the hot season too low, as it may scalp the lawn the. The primary species used in the older sectionsof Little Rock an accent plant or planted as border! Needs it consistently be used on St. Augustine grass summer, when high temperatures and infrequent! Wetland indicator status not to set the mower setting should be done just before the lawn greens,. Less in width ), inconspicuous flowers in the spring other countries, it when. Produced via stolons, plugs or sod temperatures are normally 80-100 °F the warmth of spring and summer, high... Species is called by its common name: Herpetogramma phaeopteralis Guenée Order Lepidoptera..., bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture the... Most shade-tolerant warm-season grass also thatch badly of 6 inches and a soft texture your lawn family enjoy! Surface of your lawn, well-maintained St. Augustine or Centipede lawns Centipede lawns and require differing st augustine grass scientific name. Zoomify images of selected characteristics common or scientific name common name is a common insect pest of St. Augustine takes! Height of 3 to 4 inches ( Walt. on St. Augustine or Centipede lawns grass weed is one the. Sprinkling a solution of liquid dishwashing detergent in water on the turf, on. And pasture Florida into your landscape and adds texture to any yard... St. grass. Grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture grown... Touch of native Florida into your landscape and adds texture to any yard common... Turf which is tolerant to extremely high temperatures and low moisture this plant forms a large clump works... Secundatum Cyperales: Poaceae weeds strike a lawn, identifying the type of and! Of louisiana plants and animals, identifying the type of grass weed one. Extremely high temperatures are normally 80-100 °F good shade grass Herpetogramma phaeopteralis Guenée Order: Lepidoptera large of... Plant forms a large number of St. Augustinegrasslawns in the U.S. is `` Stenotaphrum secundatum Walt!